The poll, conducted by the Anti-Defamation League and published Wednesday, asked 11 questions of U.S. adults regarding traditional anti-Semitic stereotypes, using a protocol the organization developed more than 50 years ago.
While 61 percent of respondents said they agreed with one or more of the stereotypes, only 11 percent said they believed in a majority of them. That number is consistent with the ADL’s surveys over the past 25 years.
“Our research finds that this uptick [in anti-Semitic violence] is being caused not by a change in attitudes among most Americans,” said ADL CEO Jonathan Greenblatt in a statement. “Rather, more of the millions of Americans holding anti-Semitic views are feeling emboldened to act on their hate.”
The poll found that many Americans do believe in certain longstanding anti-Jewish stereotypes, even though few subscribed to most of the beliefs:
- 31% of American adults believe Jewish employers go out of their way to hire other Jews.
- 27% believe the Jews killed Jesus.
- 24% believe American Jews are more loyal to Israel than to the United States.
- 19% believe “Jews still talk too much about what happened to them in the Holocaust.”
The survey also found that large majorities of Americans have positive feelings toward Jews, and that a majority is very or somewhat concerned about violence against Jews.
- 69% said they feel warm toward Jews, while only 5% said they felt cold.
- 66% say “Jews have contributed much to the cultural life of America.”
- 79% say “Jews place a strong emphasis on the importance of family life.”
And the survey found that small percentages of Americans hold anti-Israel views:
- 8% of Americans support a boycott of Israel.
- 7% believe American Jews are responsible for Israel’s actions.
- 14% of Americans say Israel’s government “sometimes behaves as badly as the Nazis.”
- 16% say Israel’s human rights record is worse than most other countries’.
The survey interviewed 800 U.S. adults in October 2019, with a margin of error of 3.5%.
A 2019 ADL poll of 9,000 Europeans found that a quarter subscribed to most of the stereotypes — and that anti-Semitic attitudes are on the rise in several countries.